The first time the world came to terms with the effects of a nuclear attack was during the Second World War. It was so devastating that people have been asking ever since how to survive a nuclear attack, if it happens in their area. The dangers of a nuke going off can’t just be whisked away. There have been few accidents at various nuclear power plants and these further demonstrated just how lethal an actual attack may be.
The world is committed to peaceful coexistence amongst all nations, but with the rising tension between nuclear powers, especially with rogue countries with nuclear capabilities like the United States, most people are keen on knowing how to stay alive if there be a nuclear attack. In the unlikely, but highly probable event of a nuke attack, whether you live or die will depend on a number of factors.
Ways to Surviving a Nuclear Attack
Here is a brief guide to help you with the preparation so that you may increase your chances of surviving if the rogue nations dare attack-:
Have a plan when you think an attack is highly likely
As noted earlier, your chances of surviving a nuke attack depend on how well you are prepared for it. With a preparedness mindset, the attack will not catch you unawares and at least you have a good grasp of what you need to do and not do. Unlike most people, you will not be asking around on what you should do after an attack. At that time, everybody is fighting for their survival, and if you don’t know what to do, then you will just have to suffer the consequences of the attack.
Your plan for a surviving a nuke attack will mainly revolve around getting all the necessary medical supplies, water, and food in good proportions. With these, you will have the ability to lock yourself indoors in a sealed room so that you are not exposed to the radiation outside.
The plan will also include choosing a room within your house as a nuclear shelter during an attack. This is not just any ordinary room, but it should be one with the ability to shield you and the entire family from the radiation. It will also be the place where you will store all the supplies you will need to take you through the entire duration when it won’t be safe to venture outside due to the high levels of radiation. You can decide to customize a room specifically for this purpose, and in most cases, people like to use rooms below the ground level with no windows as their nuclear shelters.
Store food that will not go bad with plenty of water
Long term food storage is vital if you have to survive a nuke attack. Remember, in case of an attack, it will be several days or months before it finally becomes safe to venture outside. Depending on the size of your family, you should do calculations and know what you may need for months then buy those things and store them in your nuclear shelter. Some of the foods you can think about storing include; grains like rice and beans, nuts, powdered milk, pasta, sugar, and oats.
You can also have a decent stock of dried fruits and vegetables, and freeze-dried meats. If you have pets and you would also wish to carry them to your bunker in case of an attack, then you must also consider stocking a good amount of pet food. However, due to the nature of the nuclear shelters and the fact that space may not be very large, you should think twice about carrying your pets due to hygiene considerations. Though this may be a tough decision, it is vital for your survival when there is an attack.
Other than storing a good amount of food, you should also store water in similar proportions, if not more. Nuclear attacks will render water sources useless and the utility services will not be working due to massive contamination of the reservoirs. It ,therefore, means that you must plan on having as much water as you possibly can should there be an attack.
The good news is that the normal tap water can last for long without requiring treatment, provided that you keep it in clean containers and away from direct sunlight so that it is not affected by algae. The amount of water you will require will largely depend on the total number of members of your family, including any pets if you decide to carry them along to survive the attack.
Know the right medical supplies to carry
The bare minimum for your medical supplies should at least be a first aid kit, but this, in all honesty, will not be enough. The kit basically will be used in treating minor cuts and injuries and so it should not miss supplies such as rubber gloves, antibiotic ointments, bandages etc.
For better preparation, you need to stock supplies necessary to treat common injuries which may be realized after a nuclear attack. For examples, it would be appropriate to stock SAM splints for taking care of any broken bones or sprains that might have been caused by fallen debris when the nuclear was detonated. Having a few bandages, impregnated gauze and tourniquets will also make it possible to take care of severe bleedings.
Then depending on your distance and the point of initial detonation, you may suffer radiation burns which will also require proper attention once you get to a safe place. If you were far away at the time of detonation, you may suffer minor radiation burns, in which case, you could treat them as the sun burns by cleaning them and covering with Vaseline to stop them from cracking. Serious burns, will, however, require more attention. To treat such, remove the clothing from the burnt area then wash the affected region with clean water only. Be sure to carry along some burn dressing just in case someone may end up with serious radiation burns.
Plan how you will keep yourself clean
Cleanliness may sound minor in your preparation, but it is equally important to observe hygiene, starting with personal hygiene. It is true that you may survive for days and even weeks without taking a shower, but such is not the case with using the toilet. For the basics of your personal hygiene, consider stocking toothpaste, toothbrushes, wipes and a deodorant to make you smell good and feel more comfortable in the nuclear shelter. It is also recommended to carry a luggable loo for your calls of nature and be sure to constantly replace them with fresh ones every time the smell becomes unbearable. But these are some of the inconveniences you will have to contend with when you try to survive a nuclear attack.
Think about a Shelter in Place Kit
A shelter in place kit, also known as SIP, will make it possible for you to seal your room before the dangerous radioactive fallout. The kit can also offer you protection following chemical and biological attacks. An ideal SIP kit should include heavy gauge, trash bags, flashlights, plastic sheeting, rubber gloves, the source of light, and dust masks amongst others. It may also be a good idea to include puzzles, board games, and books to kill the boredom since you will not be venturing out for your normal recreational activities.
Have a means of communication
Of course, the normal methods of communication such as mobile phones, normal radios, television and the internet will not be working when a nuke goes off. As part of your survival items, you should have a means of communicating with the outside world. A hand crank radio is always advisable, but if you can get your hands on one that can monitor emergency channels, then that would be highly recommended. With such, you will have access to emergency channels and listen to all the broadcasts so that you get the necessary updates about the attack and other vital information needed to help you stay alive.
Though your cell phones may not be of great use immediately after the detonation, you should keep them with you, but turn them off to preserve the battery. You can turn them on occasionally to see if you can get any signal once the radiation levels go down and it becomes possible to go on with the normal communications.
Steps to take immediately an attack happens
When there is an alert of a detonation or an impending attack, here are the things you must do to increase your chances of survival-:
- Immediately run into the house, seal the house and the SIP room as you wait for further instructions.
- Close and lock all windows as well as any exterior openings and shut down the fireplace bunker.
- Gather all members of the family in the designated nuclear shelter.
- Cover all vents, windows, and doors using heavy trash bags and duct tape.
- Once sealed in the SIP room, be sure to stay inside until you get an “all clear” from your radio or you are made to leave by force, either by friendly or hostile forces.
Though you may not want to hear this,a nuke attack could be the beginning of something big. In case there is one, you can expect more attacks to follow. There could be more attacks, including aerial attacks, missile attacks or the conventional forces.