Is it possible to impose a No-fly-zone in NorthWest of Syria after the recent Rebels advances in the area?

Is it possible to impose a No-fly-zone in NorthWest of Syria after the recent Rebels advances in the area? | archicivilians

Recently, Turkey demanded a foreign support to impose a no-fly zone in Northern Syria, mainly in the North West of Syria near the Syrian/Turkish borders.

Other countries like US, UK and France have agreed on this, since it will give safe areas for the refugees and the civilians in Northern Syria, as the Syrian Regime still using Chemical weapons (toxic gases like Chlorine) in the recent attacks on the Rebel-held cities in Northern Syria.

It was quite hard to go for this move due to the heavy ongoing battles in the area and the (Syrian Regime and allies) rejection, since there are still Regime-held areas in the North West.

Currently, this move has been more possible to happen after the huge recent Rebel advances in December 2014 and early 2015 by preventing the Regime siege on Aleppo city, seizing two of the largest military camps in Northern Syria (Wadi al-Dayf and Hamidiyah military camps) and finally taking the provincial capital of Idlib, the Regime ended up by three areas in the North West of Syria (mainly where the no-fly-zone considered to take place).

Rebels still need to end the last Regime presence in the area:

  1. Nubbol and Zahraa towns in Northern Aleppo.
  2. Kafrayya and al-Fuah towns in Northern Idlib.
  3. The road between al-Mastumeh and Jisr ash-Shughur city in Idlib Province (including Ariha town and some villages).

The Syrian Coalition announced recently to take Idlib city as their headquarter in Syria, which will need to be secured under a safe zone to prevent the Regime barrel bombs and chemical weapons attacks. Therefore, it is more possible to see a no-fly-zone in North West of Syria very soon, and it mostly depend in the military changes as Rebels must show their ability to protect these areas from any Regime advances on the ground.

 

Map: The Situation in Yemen | March 29, 2015

Map: The Situation in Yemen | March 29, 2015 | archicivilians

After months of the fall of San’aa City, President Hadi was able to flee from his besieged presidential palace (by the Houthis and Regime forces loyal to former President Ali Saleh) to his allies in Aden City in Southern Yemen. It was a major change in the conflict, Ali Saleh Regime forces have shown the strong alliance with the Houthis and advanced together toward Aden City which was announced by President Hadi as the temporary capital of Yemen, after the fall of San’aa.

The rapid and strong advances by Houthis and Ali Saleh Regime was quite hard to be repelled by the Yemeni Army in Aden and Lahij, which forced President Hadi to demand a military intervention by the Arab countries. Operation Decisive Storm was launched in March 25, 2015 by the GCC countries in addition to Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Sudan and Pakistan. The Operation Decisive Storm which was led by Saudi Arabia announced that they were able to destroy all the air-defense systems of the Houthis and Ali Saleh Regime in the first day of the operation. The operation still ongoing as the Houthis and Ali Saleh Regime trying to advance and take more territories from the Yemeni Army (President Hadi Regime) and their allies.

No major changes regarding the AQAP moves in the country, except their still ongoing battles with Houthis in Rada’ area. AQAP preferred to use the guerilla method in their current military operations against Houthis and their allies, in addition to few tensions with the Popular Committees in both of Shabwah and Abyan provinces.

Map: The Military Situation in Idlib – New Rebel Offensive | Syria | March 24, 2015

Map: The Military Situation in Idlib – New Rebel Offensive | Syria | March 24, 2015 | archicivilians

After they were able to take the largest military camps in the province (Wadi al-Dayf and Hamidiyah Military Camps) three months ago and ending the infighting in the area, Rebels formed al-Fateh Army (Jaysh al-Fateh) Military Operations Room and launched large offensive in order to take Idlib City. Rebels were able in the early hours to take important positions in and around the city including:

  • The Grain Silos
  • The Electrical Substation
  • Sadkop Factory
  • The Conserve Factory (Konsrwa Checkpoint)
  • al-Qal’ah Checkpoint
  • Ayn Shib Checkpoint
  • al-Ram Checkpoint
  • al-Maslakh Checkpoint

The battle still ongoing, Rebels advancing to the neighborhoods inside the city and trying to cut all the Regime supply lines by attacking the Dream Land Checkpoint by artillery and bombed Ghassan Abbud Checkpoint.

Map: The Military Situation in Aden City | Yemen | March 22, 2015

Map: The Military Situation in Aden City | Yemen | March 22, 2015 | archicivilians

Since the mid of March 2015, several attempts by Regime forces loyal to former President Ali Saleh to take Aden City in Southern Yemen. Regime forces loyal to President Hadi with the Popular Committees of the Southern Movement of Yemen led by the minister of defense General Subaihi securing the city of Aden and launching military operations in order to take the areas between Aden and Lahij to repel any offensive from the north or the west by the Houthis or Regime forces loyal to former President Ali Saleh.

 

Overview on Military Situation in Damascus City – The Capital of Syria

The Military Situation in Damascus City – The Capital of Syria | archicivilians

Damascus City, the most important spot in Syria since it is the capital of the country. At the beginning of the armed revolution, Rebels started the military operation around the city and were able to take many areas in Eastern Ghouta, Western Ghouta and Wadi Barada Area in the north western outskirts of the city. In 2012, Rebels managed to take control of Barzeh, Tishreen, Qaboun and parts of Jobar in the eastern side of the city, and Darayya, Muddamiyat al-Sham and parts of Kafr Souseh in the western side of the city. After they secured their position in Qalamoun Mounts between Damascus and the Lebanese borders, Rebels advanced toward the city and took many areas in the northern outskirts of the city, including Wadi Barada area, al-Tall, Maneen and Ma’raba, getting closer to Qassion Mount and the presidential palace. In the summer of 2012, Rebels advanced rapidly to the southern districts of the city, controlling Hajar al-Aswad, al-Qadam, Yarmouk Camp, al-Tadamon, Babbila, Yalda, Beit Sahem, Daff al-Shouk and parts of Midan, Zahera and Sayyidah Zaynab.

Rebels realized that it is very important to focus on the military areas instead of the populated areas only, and the Regime troops may reach the besieged military bases at any moment and push Rebels backwards to resist any siege attempt on the Rebel-held populated areas. In the mid and late 2012, Rebels managed to besiege Damascus International Airport, the Armored Vehicle Base in Harasta and Brigade 39 in Adra area, and took control of Marj al-Sultan Airbase, Sayyidah Zaynab Airbase, Brigade 22, Regiment 81, Regiment 246 and Regiment 274 which was known as one of the largest Regiments in Syria. Rebels gained Russian 9K33 Osa (Surface-to-air missile) after controlling the Air-Defense Base in Eastern Ghouta.

During the Rebellion offensives on the city in 2012 and early 2013, the Regime was able to maintain the control of the supply lines. The Regime launched a strong offensive in the early of 2013, and was able to cut the Rebel supply lines to Western Damascus districts (Darayya and Muddamiyat al-Sham) by taking Judaydat al-Fadl, Judaydat Artouz and Artouz area in Western Ghouta. Another Regime offensive was launched in the early of 2013 on the areas around Damascus International Airport, the Regime broke the siege on the Airport and took control of Harran al-Awamid and Otaybah, and besieging al-Ghizlaniyah village near the Airport. It was a strategic advancement by the Regime after taking Otaybah area and the villages around it (Jarba, Bahariyah and Qasimiyah); Rebels lost their supply lines to Eastern Ghouta after they withdrew from the strategic areas of Otaybah and Adra (which were used by Rebels to connect Eastern Ghouta with Eastern RifDimashq Province.

The largest Regime offensive was led by Hezbollah and Iraqi militias Zul Faqqar Brigade and Abul Fadl al-Abbas Brigade, launched on Southern Damascus in the mid of 2013. The Regime was able to besiege Rebels in Southern Damascus districts after taking Sbeneh, Hussayniyah, Buwayda, Hujjeira, Aqrabah areas, and breaking the siege on Sayyidah Zaynab. After retaking many areas in and around the city, the Regime preferred to sign truce agreements with some Rebellion groups in the besieged areas in order to focus on the important front-lines like Jobar, Mleha, Darayya and Eastern Ghouta. Truce agreements were signed in Barzeh, Southern Damascus and in Wadi Barada area (mainly in al-Haameh and Qudsayya). Some truce agreements have ended after the Regime’s failed attempts to storm the areas, like Beit Sahem, Hajar al-Aswad, Qaboun and Harasta.

In late 2013 and early 2014, Rebels in Eastern Ghouta launched strong offensive in order to break the siege on the area. Two to three months of the ongoing battles; Rebels were able to retake Jarba, Qasimiyah, Bilaliyah, Bahariyah, Adra, and parts of Abbadeh, Qaysa and Deir Salman. The Regime launched an offensive on Mleha area near Jaramana, which is known as the western gate of Eastern Ghouta. After 135 days of the ongoing battle and heavy losses from both sides, the Regime was able to take Mleha, Hatitat al-Jarash and advance to the outskirts of Zabdin village. After they lost Mleha, Rebels launched a new military operation around Jaramana and they were able to control Dukhaniyah area for several weeks only, and retreated toward Ein Tarma Valley.

In the late of 2014, the Regime launched new military operations in Adra area, ended up by taking Adra Omaliya, Adra town, Tall Kurdi, Tall al-Sawwan and breaking the siege on Brigade 39. Nowadays, the most active front-lines in the city taking place in Darayya, Jobar, Harasta, Wafidin Camp near Douma and Tall Kurdi near Adra. Few clashes taking place in Southern Damascus (mainly in Yarmuk Camp and al-Tadamon) and in Wadi Barada area (mainly in Baseema).