Maps: The Changes in the Military Situation of Kobane (Ayn al-Arab) in Syria and Sinjar (Shingal) in Iraq between October 2014 & February 2015

Maps: The Changes in the Military Situation of Kobane (Ayn al-Arab) in Syria and Sinjar (Shingal) in Iraq between October 2014 & February 2015 | archicivilians

YPG/FSA & Peshmerga/YPG/Ezidis/PKK victories against Daesh (ISIL) in Syria and Iraq

After their rise in 2014 started by gaining large territories from Syrian Rebels in North and East of Syria, as they gained from the Iraqi government in the mid of 2014 large areas in the West of Iraq, Daesh (Islamic State Organization) launched offensives in the summer of 2014 on the Kurdish areas in Iraq and Syria and gained many areas. Kobane (Ayn al-Arab) area in Syria and Sinjar (Shingal) area in Iraq was the most strategic areas that Daesh was really aiming to control. Daesh was able to take Sinjar the city and besiege Sinjar Mountain, at the same time, they were able to advance rapidly in Kobane in Syria and take over all the village in the area including half of the city.

At the end of 2014 and with the support of the International Coalition air-forces, a new YPG/FSA advancement in Kobane area in Syria, while Peshmerga/YPG/Ezidis/PKK new offensive launched on Sinjar area. Peshmerga/YPG/Ezidis/PKK were able to break the siege on Sinjar Mount and enter Sinjar City again from the northern outskirts and the battle still ongoing in the city. YPG/FSA were able to retake Kobane City and most of the areas they lost in 2014, and were able to enter Raqqah Province and advance toward Manbij area by getting closer to Qarah Qawzaq Bridge and surrounding the area.

Map: The Military Situation in North of Daraa Province & SouthWest of RifDimashq Province | February 12, 2015

Map: The Military Situation in North of Daraa Province & SouthWest of RifDimashq Province | February 12, 2015 | archicivilians

New Regime offensive led by the Iranian IRGC and Hezbollah was launched on February 9, 2015.

Syrian Rebels in the south of Syrian were able in the late of 2014 to advance toward the north of Daraa province and to reach SouthWest of RifDimashq by breaking the siege on Danaji, Habariyah and DeirMakir villages. They took many strategic areas like Tall al-Harrah and Harrah City during this offensive, in addition to the strategic hills in the area like Tall Antar, Tall Qrein and Tall al-Mseeh. The main goal of this offensive is to destroy one of the most important defense line of Damascus City.

In early 2015, the Regime lost the strategic city of SheikhMaskin in the center of Daraa Province in addition to one of the most important Air-Defense bases in southern Syria, Brigade 82. It was necessary to launch new offensive in order to reinforce the southern defense lines of Damascus City.

An offensive was launched in February 9, 2015 by the Regime (led by the IRGC and Hezbollah, backed by a large number of Hazara Afghan fighters) on SouthWest of RifDimashq province, NorthEast of Qunaitra province and the NorthWest part of Daraa province.

Reports said that the Regime used many troops from the 7th Division, 9th Division and the10th Division. Regime sources claimed that the leader of the Iranian IRGC “Qassem Suleimani” was in North of Daraa during this offensive.

However, the offensive on NorthEast of Qunaitra province has failed after the Regime’s failed attempt to storm Mas’harah village. The Regime has gained new areas in NorthWest of Daraa province and SouthWest of RifDimashq province and were able at the end of February 11, 2015 to complete the control of DeirMakir and Danaji villages, according to local activists. Clashes still ongoing in Deir al-Adass and Habariyah villages as Rebels still resisting and claiming their strong presence in those villages.

The Free Syrian Army and Furqan Brigades announced at the end of February 11, 2015 that they were able to retake both of Habariyah and Deir al-Adass villages, while clashes still ongoing in Tulul Fatmah area between DeirMakir, Danaji and Sultaniyah. Activists in the area said that the Regime failed seven times to storm Himrit village, in order to advance toward Sabsaba and Kafr Nasej from the west.

The leaders of the Southern Front of the FSA saying that a large number (+110) of fighters were killed and captured during the ongoing battles. Statements by al-Izz Brigade (FSA) announced  that they killed 40 Regime fighters after besieging them near DeirMakir, as Nusra Front also claimed that they captured around 30 Regime fighters in Tulul Fatmah area near Sultaniyah village.

Controlling the hills was the main thing that played an important role in order to control the villages, since there are many hills in the area. Rebels have lost their control of at the beginning of the offensive Tall Marri’ and Tall al-Mseeh, which was an advantage for the Regime fighters to capture Deir al-Adass, Danaji and DeirMakir villages.

Regime sources said that the Regime planning to control the villages in NorthWest of Daraa Province and to reach strategic hill of Tall al-Harrah, which is known as one of the most strategic areas in southern Syria.